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Front. Neurosci., 13 July 2012 | doi: 10.3389/fnins.2012.00055

Review of the BCI competition IV

  • 1Machine Learning Laboratory, Berlin Institute of Technology, Berlin, Germany
  • 2Department of Brain and Cognitive Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Faculty of Biology, Bernstein Center Freiburg and University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
  • 4Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany
  • 5Ospedale San Camillo, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Venezia, Italy
  • 6MEG-Center, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany
  • 7Center of Mind/Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Trento, Italy
  • 8Institute for Knowledge Discovery, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
  • 9Swartz Center for Computational Neuroscience, Institute for Neural Computation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
  • 10École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 11Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, London, UK
  • 12Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, London, UK
  • 13Physics, Neurobiology and Behavior, Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
  • 14Institute for Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
  • 15Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA
  • 16Brain-Computer Interface R&D Program, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY, USA
  • 17Department of Neurology, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA
  • 18Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA
  • 19Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
  • 20Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA
  • 21Institute for Science and Technology Austria, Maria Gugging, Austria
  • 22Sobell Department of Movement Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
  • 23Neurotechnology Group, Berlin Institute of Technology, Berlin, Germany

The BCI competition IV stands in the tradition of prior BCI competitions that aim to provide high quality neuroscientific data for open access to the scientific community. As experienced already in prior competitions not only scientists from the narrow field of BCI compete, but scholars with a broad variety of backgrounds and nationalities. They include high specialists as well as students. The goals of all BCI competitions have always been to challenge with respect to novel paradigms and complex data. We report on the following challenges: (1) asynchronous data, (2) synthetic, (3) multi-class continuous data, (4) session-to-session transfer, (5) directionally modulated MEG, (6) finger movements recorded by ECoG. As after past competitions, our hope is that winning entries may enhance the analysis methods of future BCIs.

Keywords: brain-computer interface, BCI, competition

Citation: Tangermann M, Müller K-R, Aertsen A, Birbaumer N, Braun C, Brunner C, Leeb R, Mehring C, Miller KJ, Müller-Putz GR, Nolte G, Pfurtscheller G, Preissl H, Schalk G, Schlögl A, Vidaurre C, Waldert S and Blankertz B (2012) Review of the BCI competition IV. Front. Neurosci. 6:55. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2012.00055

Received: 17 December 2011; Paper pending published: 15 January 2012;
Accepted: 30 March 2012; Published online: 13 July 2012.

Edited by:

Eilon Vaadia, The Hebrew University, Israel

Reviewed by:

Kenji Kansaku, Research Institute of National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Japan
Jose L. “Pepe” Contreras-Vidal, University of Houston, USA

Copyright: © 2012 Tangermann, Müller, Aertsen, Birbaumer, Braun, Brunner, Leeb, Mehring, Miller, Müller-Putz, Nolte, Pfurtscheller, Preissl, Schalk, Schlögl, Vidaurre, Waldert and Blankertz. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc.

*Correspondence: Michael Tangermann, Machine Learning Laboratory, Berlin Institute of Technology, FR 6-9, Franklinstr. 28/29, 10587 Berlin, Germany. e-mail: michael.tangermann@tu-berlin.de

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